Vitra Design Museum
Weil am Rhein
100 years, 20 Visionary interiors
Vitra Design Museum - Frank Gehry -1989
Key Visual for the exhibition »Home Stories«, Illustration: Daniel Streat, Visual Fields, © Vitra Design Museum; Lina Bo Bardi,
Casa de Vidro, São Paulo, 1952, © Instituto Bardi / photo: Francisco Albuquerque
Finn Juhl House, Ordrup, Denmark, 1941
Photo: Henrik Sorensen Photography, 2013
Our interior expresses itself as an interior, our intimacy and our way of living on a daily basis. The Home Stories: 100 Years, 20 Visionary lnteriors exhibition at the VitraDesign Museum invites you to travel back in time to the present day. This reflection opens a new debate on the private interior, its history and its prospects for the future. The exhibition thus looks at the major turning points that have marked design in resonance with social, technical and political developments. It goes back in time and presents the loft of the '70s, the relaxed space of the '60s, the impact of the advent of household appliances in the '50s until the development of the first open spaces in the '20s.
Different interior styles illustrate these major transformations.
Contemporary interiors begin this retrospective by showing prowess in a minimum of surface or the rehabilitation of large spaces like factories to make them places of luxury and comfort. The designers looked at the importance of certain objects and arrangements of objects to create the atmosphere and give character to a home. Under the growing influence of post modernism, designers are questioned about the semantic and symbolic content of furniture, patterns and decorations.
elii [oficina de arquitectura], Yojigen Poketto Apartment (kitchenette and sleeping area) Madrid, Spain, 2017
© elii [oficina de arquitectura], photo: Imagen Subliminal –
Miguel de Guzmán + Rocío Romero
Noritaka Minami, A504 I (Nakagin Capsule Tower, Tokyo, Japan), 2012
© Noritaka Minami
From 1940 to 1960, this post-war period gave birth to avant-garde forms that dream of a futuristic interior where technology would provide the answers to comfort and well-being. Tati, skeptical about the benefits of these machines, shows their limits in his film, "My Uncle". It was from 1920 to 1940 that the concept of modern interior was born with the construction of projects that marked the construction of many dwellings still existing today. Contemporary decorators like Cecil Beaton invented interiors that took on the identity of their owners.
The question of housing through the ages has always highlighted the debate that opposes functionality and minimalism to a certain form of individuality combined with a pronounced taste for interior decoration. This debate is still topical and its questions are at the heart of this exhibition that combines the past and the present to imagine the future.
Art of living, living of Art, from dream to reality, expresses itself in this matter but the breath of its soul always leads it to push its boundaries.
Jacques Tati, Mon Oncle (filmstill), 1958
© Les Films de Mon Oncle - Specta Films CEPEC
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Villa Tugendhat, Brno, Czech Republic, 1928-30
© Archive Štenc Praha/ VG Bild-Kunst Bonn, 2020