MUSÉE DU LOUVRE
From September 30th 2021 to February 7th 2022
PARIS - ATHENS
BIRTH OF MODERN GREECE
Head of the Rampine Horseman
circa 550-540 B.C.
Paros marble H. 27 cm
Paris Louvre Museum
Department of Greek, Etruscan and Roman Antiquities
THE COLUMN OF DANCERS
Plaster workshop of Giovanna Buda between 1896 and 1900
Universal Exhibition of 1900
500 X 86 cm
Paris Louvre museum gypsothèque
Little stable of the King Versailles
Original work circa 330 B.C. preserved in Delphi
Organized at the Louvre on the occasion of the bicentenary of the Greek Revolution of 1821, this "Paris-Athens 1675-1919" exhibition was born from the meeting between lovers of the cultures of the two countries. It showcases the links between Greece and European culture from the first embassies at the end of the 17th century to the exhibitions of modern Greek artists in Paris.
In Greece, the Athens Pinacoteca teams successfully completed their extraordinary international inauguration last spring. The year 2021 also marks the bicentenary of the entry of the Venus de Milo into the collections of the Louvre. In the same year 1821, some European countries supported the Greek War of Independence militarily and financially. Greece, liberated in 1829, proclaimed Athens as its capital in 1834.
The Greek state was then influenced by the German and French presence on its territory and built its cultural identity by drawing on the sources of neoclassicism in these two countries.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, the ambassadors on their way to the “Sublime Porte” discovered an Ottoman province in Greece, which was of great interest to artists and intellectuals. The first years of the 19th century saw a clash between European nations eager to collect Greek antiquities. It then became urgent to give back its freedom to Greece.
David d'Angers (1788-1856) Young Greek woman at the tomb of Markos Botzaris 1827
Original model for a marble statue sent by the sculptor to Missolonghi, plaster 79 X 119 X 55 cm
Angers Museum of Fine Arts
INV. MBA 856.15
In line with this defense of Greek national heritage, archaeological institutes such as the French School of Athens in 1846 were created after the country's liberation.
For the first time, the exhibition intersects this history of archaeology with the history of the development of the Greek state and modern arts. The excavations of Delos, Delphi or the Acropolis are at the origin of the rediscovery of a colorful Greece far removed from the canons of neoclassicism.
At the end of the 19th century, the great Universal Exhibitions show a new modern Greek art. They are marked by the recognition of the Byzantine and Orthodox identity of Greece.
The "Paris-Athens 1675-1919" exhibition takes place in chronological order and concludes with the works of the Greek group TECHNE, close to the European avant-garde, which were revealed in Paris in 1919.
Greece is a wonderful cradle of art and culture and that is why Europe chose it for mother, taking the mythological name of the princess of Tire kidnapped by Zeus which we also find was used to designate the coast of the Aegean Sea in a hymn to Apollo in seven hundred BC.
Eugene Delacroix (1798-1863)
Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi 1826
oil on canvas, 213 × 142 cm Bordeaux , Musée des Beaux Arts inv.bxe 439
Dominique Papety, The Duke of Montpensier visiting the ruins of the temple of Jupiter in Athens, 1848, oil on canvas, 332 x 218 © RMN-Grand Palais (Château de Versailles) Franck Raux
Reliquary of the True Cross
RMN - Grand Palais (Musée du Louvre), Jean-Gilles Berizzi
The treasures presented at the Louvre are living testimonies of an eternal journey and an endless history to be contemplated and unceasingly discovered.
Anonymous de Nointel (Jacques Carrey), Drawings of the pediments and metopes of the Parthenon, Before 1687 © Bilbliothèque nationale de France